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家庭暴力受害者怎样搜集证据,家庭暴力取证要注意什么

发布于:2019-01-11 09:12

一、家庭暴力受害者怎样搜集证据
 
How to collect evidence for victims of domestic violence
 
 
 
第一、证人证言。发生家庭暴力时有可能会被其他人员目睹到,比如说小区的保安,比如说自己的父母或者是家中的朋友还有保姆或者是邻居等等。如果这些人曾经亲眼目睹过家庭暴力的发生,那么可以尽可能早的和他们做一些沟通工作,或者委托律师以调查笔录的方式向证人进行取证。
 
First, witness testimony. Family violence may be witnessed by other people, such as the security of the community, such as their parents or friends at home, nannies or neighbors and so on. If these people have witnessed the occurrence of domestic violence, they can communicate with them as early as possible, or entrust lawyers to collect evidence from witnesses in the form of investigation transcripts.
 
 
 
第二、如果家庭暴力发生后,曾经报过警,那么警方那里会有出警记录,通常警方对家庭暴力的处理会有一整套法定的程序,警方通常会在派出所对施暴者和受害人分别进行问话,并制作笔录。
 
Secondly, if the police have reported the occurrence of domestic violence, there will be a police record. Usually, the police will have a set of statutory procedures for dealing with domestic violence. The police will usually ask the perpetrators and victims separately in the police station and make records.
 
 
 
第三、医院的诊断证明和治疗的凭据。如果受害人受伤了应当由公安机关出具法医鉴定的介绍信,对伤情进行司法鉴定,同时受害者需要及时的到医院进行治疗,那么治疗时还会有医院的诊断证明和医药费的收据以及病例。这些书证都应当好好的保留,包括受害人后期的持续性治疗,有关书证也应当妥善的保存。
 
Thirdly, the evidence of diagnosis and treatment in hospitals. If the victim is injured, the public security organ should issue a letter of introduction of forensic medical expertise to conduct judicial expertise on the condition of the injury, and the victim needs to go to the hospital in time for treatment, then there will be a hospital's diagnostic certificate and receipt of medical fees as well as cases. These documentary evidence should be well preserved, including the sustained treatment of the victim in the later period, and the relevant documentary evidence should also be properly preserved.
 
 
 
第四、如果受害人曾经向妇联投诉过家庭成员的施暴行为,妇联同志曾经对该事做过处理,并且找对方进行过调解工作,那么妇联机构既有原来的工作记录,同时也可以为曾经发生的家庭暴力单独出具书证。
 
Fourthly, if the victim has complained to the women's Federation about the violence committed by family members, and the women's Federation comrades have dealt with the matter, and have found the other party to mediate, then the women's Federation institutions not only have the original working records, but also can provide separate documentary evidence for the domestic violence that has occurred.
 
 
 
第五、如果曾向居民委员会或者是村民委员会反映过这种问题,这有关机构也可以出具书证。
 
Fifth, if such problems have been reported to the residents'committee or the villagers' committee, the relevant institutions may also issue documentary evidence.
 
 
 
第六、如果受害人曾经向双方的或者是一方的工作单位求助过,那么工作单位的领导也可以代表单位为其出具书证,当然也可以采取律师进行调查的方法。
 
Sixth, if the victim has asked for help from both parties or one of the work units, then the leaders of the work units can also issue documentary evidence on behalf of the unit, of course, they can also adopt the method of investigation by lawyers.
 
 
 
第七、如果受害人和施暴者之间发生纠纷时,曾有过通话录音,那么这个通话录音也可以作为附着的证据,或者是双方在谈到协议离婚或者是赔偿事项时,对方在谈论当中对施暴的行为并不否认的也可以做通话录音。
 
Seventh, if the victim and the perpetrator had a voice recording during the dispute, then the voice recording can also be used as evidence of attachment, or when both parties talk about the divorce agreement or compensation matters, the other party can also make a voice recording when the violence is not denied.
 
 
 
第八、在发生家庭暴力之后,如果对方曾写过保证书、忏悔书、承诺书等等这样的文书,保证以后绝不再发生暴力行为的这些书面材料也可以作为证据。
 
Eighth, after the occurrence of domestic violence, if the other party has written such documents as a letter of guarantee, a confession, a letter of promise, etc., these written materials can also be used as evidence to ensure that violence will never occur again in the future.
 
 
 
第九、被对方殴打后如果拍摄过相关照片的或者说有视频录像资料的也可以作为证据。
 
Ninth, after being beaten by the other party, if you have taken relevant photographs or said that there are video and video materials, it can also be used as evidence.
 
 
 
当然上述所有的证据列项只是对通常情况而言,每一起家庭暴力都有它的不同的具体情况。建议受害者在发生这样的情况后,及时的向法律专业人士比如说警察、律师等等进行咨询,看应当调取什么样的证据。
 
Of course, all the evidence listed above is only for the general situation, each case of domestic violence has its own specific circumstances. It is suggested that victims should consult legal professionals such as police, lawyers and so on in time to see what kind of evidence should be obtained after such a situation occurs.
 
 
 
二、家庭暴力取证要注意什么
 
2. What should we pay attention to when collecting evidence of domestic violence
 
 
 
1、审理案件的法官对家庭暴力的观点,造成其不支持受害者的诉讼请求
 
1. Judges'opinions on domestic violence cause them not to support victims' claims for action.
 
 
 
有些法官认为:家庭暴力应当是一个连续性的行为,或者说是一个不断的行为过程,仅仅有一次或者几次的大骂不能认定为家庭暴力,在实践中持有这种观点的法官还不在少数!至于这样的观点是否正确,再次本人不好评论,但至少在这样的观点下,造成了受害者不能得到赔偿的现实!!
 
Some judges believe that domestic violence should be a continuous act, or a continuous process of action, only one or several times of abuse can not be identified as domestic violence, in practice, there are not a few judges who hold this view! As to whether this view is correct, again I can not comment, but at least in this view, caused the victim not. Can get the reality of compensation!!
 
 
 
2、缺少家庭暴力的相关证据
 
2. Lack of evidence of domestic violence
 
 
 
这种原因造成不能获取赔偿的情形最为普遍,由于家丑不可外扬的封建思想的束缚,很多受害者不愿意让外人知道了解自己的痛苦,在外还要故意装成生活很美满的样子,结果真到了需要证据的时候就傻眼了。
 
This is the most common reason for the failure to obtain compensation. Because of the restriction of feudal ideology that family ugliness can not be externalized, many victims are unwilling to let outsiders know their suffering, and they also intentionally pretend to be happy in life. As a result, they are foolish when they need evidence.
 
 
 
3、当事人的软弱造成难以获得赔偿
 
3. The weakness of the parties makes it difficult to obtain compensation.
 
 
 
软弱是家庭暴力的滋生的催化剂,在受害人受到侵害时,不敢大胆的寻求法律的保护,结果造成了侵害人不断的升级,一旦到了法院,也只是简单的哭诉一下,而不敢大胆的主张权利,结果当然可想而知了。
 
Weakness is the catalyst for the breeding of domestic violence. When the victim is infringed, he dares not boldly seek the protection of the law. As a result, the infringer escalates constantly. Once he arrives at the court, he simply cries out, but dares not dare to assert his rights. The result is, of course, conceivable.
 
 
 
4、警察的不作为给家庭暴力赔偿造成了消极的影响
 
4. The police's inaction has a negative impact on the compensation for domestic violence.
 
 
 
当有些受害人实在受不了家庭暴力而不得不打110报警,本希望警察来了能够给施暴者一个教训,或者将此次事件详细地记录在案,从而留下证据。但是却往往适得其反,警察常常以这是你们的家务事为由,对此次事件不做认真的处理,受害人只能哀叹一声,等待着更为残酷的暴力。
 
When some victims can't stand domestic violence and have to call 110 police, I hoped that the police would come and teach the perpetrators a lesson, or record the incident in detail, so as to leave evidence. But it often backfires. The police often take this as your housework. If they don't take this incident seriously, the victim can only lament and wait for more brutal violence.

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