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婚检是强制的吗

发布于:2018-12-27 16:44

现在婚检不是强制的,婚检都检查什么
 
Now the Premarital Check-up is not compulsory. What does the Premarital Check-up do?
 
 
 
1.病史询问现在的健康情况及以往患病的历史,尤其是对结婚及生育有影响的病,女性的月经史及双方个人史如烟、酒嗜好等。
 
1. Medical history inquires about current health and past history of illness, especially those affecting marriage and childbirth, women's menstrual history and their personal history such as smoking and drinking habits.
 
 
 
2.家族史直系及旁系的患病情况,最少三代家系调查,帮助遗传病的分析及指导。
 
2. Family history, the prevalence of direct and adjacent families, at least three generations of family investigation, to help the analysis and guidance of genetic diseases.
 
 
 
3.体格检查全身检查,注意精神状态及特殊面容或体型,生殖器发育情况及疾病,必要时作进一步鉴定。
 
3. Physical examination, general examination, attention to mental state and special face or body shape, genital development and disease, if necessary for further identification.
 
 
 
4.辅助检查血尿常规、阴道分泌物化验、梅毒螺旋体、肝功能及乙型肝炎表面抗原检查;必要时作淋菌培养,b超、染色体、激素及智商测定等。
 
4. Assisted examination of routine hematuria, vaginal secretion test, Treponema pallidum, liver function and hepatitis B surface antigen, gonococcal culture, B-ultrasonography, chromosome, hormone and IQ determination, etc.
 
 
 
5.咨询及指导据体检情况分类指导婚育问题,并指导性生活及避孕问题。
 
5. Counseling and guidance guide marriage and childbearing according to physical examination, and guide sexual life and contraception.
 
 
 
国家规定,婚检采取自愿方式,并且婚检免费(双方任意一方户口所在地的社区医院是免费的)。但是,婚后想要生宝宝的时候是需要办理准生证的,办理准生证时是需要出具父母双方结婚时的婚检结果才可以办理的。
 
The state stipulates that premarital check-ups are voluntary and free of charge (community hospitals where either party's registered permanent residence is located are free of charge). However, if you want to have a baby after marriage, you need to apply for a probationary birth certificate. When you apply for a probationary birth certificate, you need to issue the results of the marriage examination when both parents are married.
 
 
 
其实,对于婚检是否是强制性的这个问题,很多人在各地区进行结婚登记的时候都会被强制性地要求进行婚检。在笔者看来,婚检确实是应该进行的,不过目前国家却没有规定“恢复强制婚检”这一条婚检制度。因此,在我们被强制要求进行婚检的时候,我们有权提出反对意见,即使婚检总的来说是利大于弊,不过被强制性地进行总是容易让人们产生反感情绪。
 
In fact, as to whether the Premarital Check-up is compulsory, many people in various regions will be compulsorily required to carry out the Premarital Check-up when they register for marriage. In the author's opinion, premarital examination should be carried out, but at present, the state does not provide for the "resumption of compulsory premarital examination" this premarital examination system. Therefore, when we are forced to have a premarital check-up, we have the right to raise objections. Even though the advantages of Premarital Check-up are greater than the disadvantages in general, it is always easy for people to get antagonistic.

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