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涉外婚姻如何离婚

发布于:2019-01-11 09:15

一、涉外婚姻如何离婚
 
1. How to Divorce in Foreign Marriage
 
 
 
涉外婚姻离婚,无论是一方要求离婚还是双方自愿离婚,最好通过诉讼离婚方式由我国法院做出离婚判决。因为,有些国家只承认法院判决的离婚。在双方达成一致的情况下,法院可以适用简易程序当场为双方办好离婚手续。
 
Divorce in foreign-related marriages, whether one party requests divorce or both parties voluntarily divorce, is best decided by the courts of our country through divorce proceedings. Because some countries only recognize divorces decided by courts. In the case of mutual agreement, the court may apply summary procedure to handle the divorce formalities for both parties on the spot.
 
 
 
第一、涉外离婚管辖
 
First, Jurisdiction of Divorce Concerning Foreign Affairs
 
 
 
涉外离婚案件,只要一方是中国境内居住的人,不管是对居住在中国境内还是在境外的被告提起的离婚,中国法院都有管辖权。
 
In foreign-related divorce cases, the Chinese courts have jurisdiction as long as one party is a person residing in China, whether it is a divorce brought against a defendant residing in China or abroad.
 
 
 
涉外离婚案件,居住在中国境内的配偶,无论是对居住在中国境外的外国人,还是居住在外国的中国籍公民,提起的离婚诉讼都由原告住所地或经常居住地的中国法院受理,均适用我国婚姻法。
 
In foreign divorce cases, spouses residing in China, whether foreigners residing outside China or Chinese citizens residing in foreign countries, bring divorce proceedings which are accepted by the Chinese courts of the plaintiff's domicile or habitual residence, and all of them are governed by the marriage law of our country.
 
 
 
第二、涉外离婚的财产分割
 
Second, the division of property in foreign-related divorce
 
 
 
由于不动产的所有权,适用不动产所在地法律。因此,双方离婚时所涉及的财产纠纷,不一定能够在离婚时一并解决。例如:如果双方办理离婚时,有不动产是在其他国家或地区,那么在办理离婚的法院,只能处理位于该离婚地法院的不动产和动产,对于不在中国境内的不动产,双方只能另行在该不动产所在地解决该不动产争议。
 
Because of the ownership of real estate, the law of the place where the real estate is located shall apply. Therefore, the property disputes involved in divorce may not be solved together. For example, if the real estate is in other countries or regions when the two parties divorce, then the courts that divorce can only deal with the real estate and property located in the court of the divorce place. For the real estate not in China, the two parties can only resolve the real estate disputes separately in the real estate location.
 
 
 
第三、涉外离婚的子女抚养
 
Thirdly, the raising of children in foreign divorce
 
 
 
中国法律规定,扶养适用与被扶养人有最密切联系的国家的法律。父母子女相互之间的扶养、夫妻相互之间的扶养以及其他有扶养关系的人之间的扶养,应当适用与被扶养人有最密切联系国家的法律。扶养人和被扶养人的国籍、住所以及供养被扶养人的财产所在地,均可视为与被扶养人有最密切的关系。
 
Chinese law stipulates that the law of a country which has the closest relationship with the dependant shall be applied to maintenance. The laws of the countries that have the closest ties with the dependants shall apply to the support between parents and children, between husband and wife, and between other persons who have a support relationship. The nationality, domicile and property location of the dependant and the dependant can be regarded as having the closest relationship with the dependant.
 
 
 
二、涉外婚姻离婚时财产如何分割
 
2. How to Separate Property in Foreign Marriage and Divorce
 
 
 
首先要设法了解这两处房产的确切地址;
 
First of all, we should try to find out the exact address of these two houses.
 
 
 
其二,可以去房地产登记部门查询有关这两处房产的确切资料。有关不动产的登记资料,应该都是公开的,可以供人查询的,但具体如何查阅,各国规定不尽一致。必要的话,可以委托当地的律师办理查询事宜;
 
Second, you can go to the real estate registration department to check the exact information about these two properties. The registration data of real estate should be open and available for inquiry, but the specific ways to access them are not the same in different countries. If necessary, local lawyers may be entrusted with inquiries.
 
 
 
其三,在取得相关房地产的登记资料以后,还必须把这些资料送公证机关办理公证,公证以后再把经公证的资料送到中国大使馆进行认证,经过这些程序后,这些资料就能作为有效证据提交法院。有了这些证据,就能够证明那两处房产属夫妻的共同财产,离婚时应当进行合理的分割。
 
Thirdly, after obtaining the registration data of the relevant real estate, they must also be sent to the notary organ for notarization. After notarization, the notarized data should be sent to the Chinese Embassy for certification. After these procedures, these data can be submitted to the court as valid evidence. With these evidences, it can be proved that the two houses belong to the common property of the couple, and the divorce should be divided reasonably.

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