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新兴技术产业群:以智能纤维为基础 使传统织物拥有生命和智能

发布于:2018-11-08 14:19

或许是因为“纺织”这个名字太传统,国内虽然高度关注工业4.0,却很少注意这个领域。其他一些发达国家也纷纷推出有关纺织技术产业集群的国家战略和研究发展计划,尽管名称各不相同。
 
Perhaps it is because the name "textile" is too traditional. Although China pays great attention to industrial 4.0, it seldom pays attention to this field. Other developed countries have also launched national strategies and research and development plans on Textile Technology Industrial clusters, although the names are different.
 
 
 
我国虽然一部分相关的技术研发和产业化在其他名义下开展,例如在材料领域的碳纤维、低维材料和石墨烯等,但尚未从整体的高度来认识新兴纺织技术产业集群。
 
Although some related technology R&D and industrialization are carried out under other names in China, such as carbon fibers, low-dimensional materials and graphene in the field of materials, the emerging textile technology industry cluster has not yet been recognized from the overall height.
 
 
 
但不可否认的是,一个以智能纤维为基础的新兴技术产业群将要在全球诞生。其核心技术在于制备多种材料、结构和功能的新型纤维,可在纤维上实现传感、通信、计算、执行和储能等功能;这样的纤维织物具有巨大的智能应用前景,可能渗透进庞大的下游产业,为那些产业带来颠覆性变化。
 
But it is undeniable that an emerging technology industry cluster based on smart fibers will be born in the world. Its core technology lies in the preparation of new fibers with various materials, structures and functions, which can realize the functions of sensing, communication, calculation, execution and energy storage on fibers. Such fibre fabrics have tremendous intelligent application prospects and may penetrate into huge downstream industries, bringing subversive changes to those industries.
 
 
 
纺织业,纺织技术,智能纤维
 
Textile industry, textile technology, Smart Fiber
 
 
 
国内专家第一时间捕捉到这一信息,率先在国际上提出“大纤维”概念。当下,国内外围绕智能纤维研发及其产业化的进程明显加快,尤其是国内一些高校、研发机构及相关行业和企业,已纷纷关注并投身到这一破土而出的新领域。
 
Domestic experts first captured this information and took the lead in putting forward the concept of "big fiber" internationally. At present, the process of research and development and industrialization of smart fibers at home and abroad has obviously accelerated. Especially some domestic universities, research and development institutions and related industries and enterprises have paid close attention to and devoted themselves to this new field.
 
 
 
国外有专家认为这个产业群将可能推动新的工业革命。由于国际上尚未形成统一的称呼,我们这个工作组认为可以把这个未来产业集群命名为“大纤维”。“纤维”保持了与纺织工业的血脉联系,“大纤维”突出了下一代智能纤维技术的多学科跨领域特征,特别是其产业链和颠覆性影响将延伸至其他许多重要行业的特质,已经完全不同于传统纺织行业。
 
Some foreign experts believe that this industrial cluster will probably promote the new industrial revolution. Since there is no unified name in the world, our working group believes that the future industrial cluster can be named "big fiber". "Fiber" maintains the blood link with the textile industry, and "Big Fiber" highlights the multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary characteristics of the next generation of Smart Fiber technology, especially its industrial chain and subversive influence will extend to the characteristics of many other important industries, which is completely different from the traditional textile industry.
 
 
 
说到纤维,人们马上会联想到纺纱织布。国际上正在酝酿的一场纤维革命,正试图赋予纤维感知和信息处理功能,使传统织物拥有生命和智能。届时,改性后的纤维将作为一种载体,把物理世界、人体世界和虚拟世界连接起来。
 
When it comes to fiber, people will immediately think of spinning and weaving. A fibre revolution is brewing in the world, which is trying to endow fibers with the functions of perception and information processing, so as to make traditional fabrics have life and intelligence. At that time, the modified fibers will be used as a carrier to connect the physical world, the human world and the virtual world.
 
 
 
曾经是“传统”代名词的纺织业,为何在美国成为了“革命性”的研究领域?又为何在德国成为了关系到制造业“未来”的国家战略?
 
Why did the textile industry, once synonymous with tradition, become a "revolutionary" research field in the United States and a national strategy related to the "future" of manufacturing industry in Germany?
 
 
 
美国的革命性纤维与织物制造研究
 
Research on revolutionary fiber and fabric manufacturing in the US
 
 
 
织造业在美国的涅槃,是基于美国各界对于纺织新趋势的清晰认识、以及对行业的准确定位。事实上,创新性产品近年来引领美国纺织业取得了显著的增长。金融海啸以来,其纺织业体量不减反增,从2009年至今,出货量和出口额都获得了两位数增长率,并且成为了解决美国就业问题的生力军。
 
The nirvana of weaving industry in the United States is based on the clear understanding of the new trend of textile industry in the United States and the accurate positioning of the industry. In fact, innovative products have led to significant growth in the US textile industry in recent years. Since the financial tsunami, its textile industry volume has increased steadily. Since 2009, both shipments and exports have achieved double-digit growth rates, and become a new force to solve the employment problem in the United States.
 
 
 
革命性织物和纤维(RevolutionaryFibers&Textiles)与之前的主要区别在于:它是多材料多结构的智能纤维,集多种功能于一身。尤其在美国,数字化革命和物联网技术的飞速发展,和纺织/纤维技术交汇融合,催生了“智能纤维”(SmartFabrics)这一重要产业。
 
The main difference between revolutionary fabrics and textiles is that they are multi-material and multi-structure smart fibers with multiple functions. Especially in the United States, with the rapid development of digital revolution and Internet of Things technology, and the convergence of textile/fiber technology, Smart Fabrics has emerged as an important industry.
 
 
 
新型的革命性织物和纤维与国民经济的各个领域紧密结合,产生了大量全新的应用。美国国家科学基金会(NSF)等官方机构组织了专门的研讨会,定义了十二大应用领域,包括农业、建筑、国防、基建、家居等,彰显出新型纺织和纤维产品的应用呈现出遍地开花的趋势。
 
New revolutionary fabrics and fibers are closely integrated with various fields of the national economy, resulting in a large number of new applications. Official organizations such as the National Science Foundation (NSF) have organized special seminars and defined twelve application areas, including agriculture, architecture, national defense, infrastructure, home and so on, which highlight the trend of new textile and fibre products being widely used.
 
 
 
革命性织物和纤维研究的重要价值,使得它成为了美国著名高校和科研院所的研究和开发热点,以及美国政府部门的重点战略。在学术界,麻省理工学院牵头数十家院校和公司建立了美国先进功能纤维研究中心(AFFOA),开展全国范围内的产学研合作。
 
The important value of revolutionary fabric and fiber research has made it a research and development hotspot of famous universities and research institutes in the United States, as well as a key strategy of American government departments. In academia, MIT has led dozens of universities and companies to set up the Advanced Functional Fiber Research Center (AFFOA) in the United States to carry out industry-university-research cooperation nationwide.
 
 
 
此外,美国也还有更多的官方机构参与到纤维和纺织的创新研究中来,包括美国国防部、美国商务部、美国能源部等权威机构。
 
In addition, the United States also has more official agencies involved in innovative research on fibers and textiles, including the United States Department of Defense, the United States Department of Commerce, the United States Department of Energy and other authoritative agencies.
 
 
 
德国的“未来纺织”研究计划
 
Germany's "future textile" research program
 
 
 
从2014年起,德国确立了对于整个纺织行业进行升级改造的国家级战略,名为“未来纺织”项目,其战略判断是:纺织已经不再是一个传统的行业,而是基于新材料、节能环保、智能产品等创造出的全新的行业、产品和服务。德国已明确提出了纺织业提升的定位:“要让纺织业持续成为德国最有创新活力的行业之一”。
 
Since 2014, Germany has established a national strategy for upgrading and transformation of the entire textile industry, called the "Future Textile" Project. Its strategic judgment is that textile is no longer a traditional industry, but a brand new industry, products and services based on new materials, energy-saving and environmental protection, intelligent products and so on. Germany has clearly put forward the orientation of upgrading the textile industry: "textile industry should continue to be one of the most innovative industries in Germany".

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