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离婚案件应该收集哪些证据,离婚案件如何收集证据

发布于:2019-01-11 09:23

一、离婚案件应该收集哪些证据
 
What evidence should be collected in divorce cases
 
 
 
(一)证明当事人(原、被告)的诉讼主体资格的证据;
 
(1) Evidence to prove the qualifications of litigants (plaintiffs and defendants);
 
 
 
1、证明原、被告是夫妻关系的证据,如结婚证、婚姻关系证明书、户口簿以及身份证。
 
1. Prove that the plaintiff and the defendant are evidence of marital relationship, such as marriage certificate, marriage certificate, household register and identity card.
 
 
 
2、如涉及构成事实婚姻的,应提交居委会或村委会出具的证明。
 
2. If the marriage constitutes a de facto marriage, the certificate issued by the neighborhood committee or the village committee shall be submitted.
 
 
 
3、证明被告下落不明的,应提交被告住所地或经常居住地村委会、居委会或公安机关的证明。
 
3. Where the whereabouts of the defendant are unknown, the certificate of the village committee, the neighborhood committee or the public security organ of the place where the defendant resides or habitually resides shall be submitted.
 
 
 
(二)证明婚姻关系破裂的证据;
 
(2) Evidence to prove the breakdown of marriage;
 
 
 
1、如涉及家庭暴力,应提交法医鉴定,提出证人。
 
1. If domestic violence is involved, forensic expertise and witnesses shall be submitted.
 
 
 
2、如涉及吸毒、赌博行为的,应提交居委会或村委会或公安机关出具的证明;涉及行政处罚、刑事犯罪的,应提交有关处罚决定或判决书。
 
2. If drug abuse or gambling is involved, the certificate issued by the neighborhood committee or village committee or public security organ shall be submitted; if administrative punishment or criminal offence is involved, the decision or judgment on punishment shall be submitted.
 
 
 
3、如涉及有重婚行为或有配偶与他人同居的,应提交上述行为相关的结婚证、子女出生证、居住证明、相片或居委会、村委会、公安机关出具的证明等证据。
 
3. In case of bigamy or cohabitation of spouses with others, evidence such as marriage certificate, birth certificate of children, residence certificate, photographs or certificates issued by neighborhood committees, village committees and public security organs shall be submitted.
 
 
 
4、因重婚、有配偶者与他人同居、实施家庭暴力、虐待遗弃家庭成员引起离婚的,无过错方有权请求损害赔偿。
 
4. If divorce is caused by bigamy, cohabitation of a spouse with another person, domestic violence or abuse of abandoned family members, the party without fault has the right to claim damages.
 
 
 
(三)证明由一方抚养子女为宜的证据;
 
(3) Evidence proving that it is appropriate for one party to raise a child;
 
 
 
1、证明一方经济状况良好的,应提交工资单或其它合法收入的证明,或提交有关居住情况的证据。
 
1. To prove that one party is in good economic condition, it shall submit a wage slip or other evidence of lawful income or evidence of living conditions.
 
 
 
2、如涉及10周岁以上未成年子女的,应提交子女本人愿跟随父或跟母生活的相关证据。
 
2. If a minor child over 10 years of age is involved, relevant evidence of the child's willingness to follow the father or mother's life shall be submitted.
 
 
 
(四)证明婚姻关系存续期间有共同财产的证据;
 
(4) Evidence to prove that there is common property during the period of marriage;
 
 
 
1、证明有房产的,应提交房产证或购房合同、交款发票或出资证明。
 
1. Where a house property is proved, a house property certificate or a purchase contract, a payment invoice or a proof of investment shall be submitted.
 
 
 
2、证明有银行存款并申请法院调查的,应提交银行帐号;证明有股票并申请法院调查的,应提交股东代码、资金帐号;证明有车辆的,应提交行驶证、车牌号。
 
2. If a bank deposit is proved and a court investigation is applied for, the bank account number shall be submitted; if a stock is proved and the court investigation is applied for, the shareholder code and fund account number shall be submitted; if a vehicle is proved, the driving license and license plate number shall be submitted.
 
 
 
3、证明对方在公司拥有股权的,应提交该公司的工商登记情况、出资的证明等。
 
3. Where the other party holds equity in the company, it shall submit the company's business registration and proof of investment, etc.
 
 
 
4、证明一方有债权债务的,除提交借据以外,必须有相关的证据佐证。
 
4. If a party proves that it has creditor's rights and liabilities, it must have relevant evidences in addition to submitting the debit.
 
 
 
5、证明夫妻双方财产有约定的,必须提交协议书等相关的证据。
 
5. Where it is proved that the property of the husband and wife has been agreed upon, relevant evidence such as an agreement must be submitted.
 
 
 
6、如申请法院调查取证但不能提供以上线索的,依法驳回申请。
 
6. If the application for court investigation and evidence collection fails to provide the above clues, the application shall be rejected according to law.
 
 
 
(五)有具体的诉讼请求金额的,应提交诉讼请求金额的计算清单。
 
(5) Where there is a specific claim amount, a list of the calculation of the claim amount shall be submitted.
 
 
 
二、离婚案件如何收集证据
 
How to Collect Evidence in Divorce Cases
 
 
 
离婚时各项证据都不好搜集,这里主要讲述以下几点:
 
Evidence is not easy to collect when divorce occurs. Here are the following points:
 
 
 
(一)证据的时间
 
(1) Time of evidence
 
 
 
证据直接证明自己诉讼请求,所以证据的时间一定不能太远,一定要是在离婚近期状况的证明。
 
Evidence directly proves his claim, so the time of evidence must not be too far, must be in the proof of the recent situation of divorce.
 
 
 
(二)注重生活细节
 
(2) Pay attention to details of life
 
 
 
家庭事务繁多,每一项都涉及财产的收入支出,将平时存款的单据,缴费单据,房产证明等有书证的保管好,像收藏品、首饰等可以拍照录音留证,最为复杂的是公司股权,如果没有接触到公司,那么一定要细心留意对方在处理股权方面的细节,以防暗中被转移。
 
There are many family affairs. Each item involves the income and expenditure of property. We should keep the documents of deposit, payment and property certificate well, such as collections and jewelry, which can be photographed, recorded and retained. The most complicated thing is the company's equity. If we do not have access to the company, we must pay close attention to the details of the other party's equity treatment so as to avoid being transferred in secret.
 
 
 
(三)运用申请法院调查收集证据的权利
 
(3) The right to apply to the court for investigation and collection of evidence
 
 
 
有些证据自己不能搜集到,必须靠法院。比如,银行存款、股票资金对账单等,一般是需要法院查询,或由法院开具调查令再委托律师收集。还有鉴定报告,比如亲子鉴定等,均需法院委托,否则,单方证据对方不予以认可。因此,要灵活运用申请法院调取证据的权利,既保险又有效。
 
Some evidence can't be collected by themselves. It has to depend on the court. For example, bank deposits, stock fund statements and so on, usually need the court to inquire, or the court issued an inquiry order and then entrusted lawyers to collect. There are also appraisal reports, such as paternity testing, which need to be entrusted by the court. Otherwise, unilateral evidence will not be recognized by the other party. Therefore, the right to apply for evidence in court should be flexibly used, which is both safe and effective.
 
 
 
(四)孩子抚养权证据
 
(4) Evidence of child custody rights
 
 
 
对自己收入状况、生活状况等都要详细列举证据,另外还要搜集没有不利于孩子的因素的证据,以辩驳对方对自己的质疑。孩子的意愿至关重要,平日一定要细心关怀孩子,争取到孩子的心,让孩子做出愿意跟自己生活的意思表示。
 
We should enumerate the evidence in detail about our income and living conditions. In addition, we should collect evidence that is not harmful to our children, in order to refute the other party's doubts about ourselves. Children's willingness is very important. We must take care of children carefully, win their hearts and let them express their willingness to live with themselves.

下一篇:诉讼离婚的十大误区
上一篇:证明夫妻共同财产的证据,证明夫妻感情破裂的证据